Jesse Dylan Young from Johns Hopkins University, Global Policy School of Advanced International Studies, explored the energy system of Goergia, its shortcomings and future opportunities in his study “To Light the Lands”: Georgia and the Quest for Electrical Security." You can find the full text available here in English and its Georgian translation by Green Alternative.
Georgia lacks coal, oil, and gas reserves, and relies on hydropower to provide reliable, largescale renewable power generation. But the country’s overwhelming dependence on hydropower to meet its electrical needs fails to deliver either sufficient energy diversity or sustainability. The government’s present approach persists because Georgia lacks both a long-term electrical strategy and the capacity needed to craft one. Additionally, Georgian ministries are biased in favor of new hydropower projects while biased against other renewables and energy efficiency improvements. Finally, the government’s plan to address the thorny status of the Enguri Dam is failing to deliver results and must be reassessed. Given that additional, large hydropower has proved more expensive and difficult to build than Georgia initially anticipated, this memo recommends a quartet of Georgian government reforms to stabilize the Enguri Dam’s position within the Georgian grid, institutionalize economy-wide electrical planning, promote non-hydro renewable power, and encourage energy savings.
Continue reading: Georgia and the Quest for Electrical Security, Jesse Young