Case Study-Gender impacts of Nenskra hydro power plant

The World Commission of Dam (WCD) reveals that construction of reservoirs and associated infrastructure may impact woman and man disproportionately.

“Given the gender-blindness of the planning process, large dam projects typically build on the imbalance in existing gender relations. For affected communities dams have widened gender disparities either by imposing a disproportionate share of social costs on women or through an inequitable allocation of the benefits generated”[1].

The wider impacts may include the domestic violence and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV and AIDS, problems during the land compensation when the planning is poor and gender-blind. Gender and power imbalance leads towards higher marginalisation of women and traditional land ownership. Government plans construction of more than 114 hydro including the large dams that may lead towards involuntary resettlement increasing the gender risks, inequality between men and women, risks related to safety and etc. which is already present in Georgia.